Rbv2 Analysis of John Lewis Performance in the UK Market by John Lewis is a UK based retail company that is owned and operated by the John Lewis Partnership. The company operates a series of department stores in the entire Great Britain. Currently, the retail brand has 43 stores all spread across Wales, Scotland and England. In the UK, retail industry forms the largest and widely used service industry with a GDP contribution of 8%. Expectedly, there are several other retail chain companies that build up to form the sector. John Lewis being one of them.From early 2009 to date, several retail companies in the UK market have been making announcement concerning their closure or administrative adjustment due to poor performance. John Lewis too experienced negative sales and at one point in the year 2009 it was below the average of the British Retail Consortium. During this time, John Lewis experienced a serious fundamental difficulty in the UK market. Even though the company had a massive rational affinity, its emotional affinity as well popularity was dwindling. The result was that the retail shop underwent a period of relatively low share of the wallet of its target customer.For the past few years, John Lewis has developed and implemented an assortment of resources aimed at giving it a competitive advantage over other retail shops in the industry. (Barney, 1991) in the Resource Based Review (RBV) argues that companies and organisations should put more investment on the capabilities and resources that they deem, able to propel them towards achieving a sustainable and realistic competitive advantage hence boosting their performance. Resources can be defined as stocks of available factors owned by a firm (Amit et al, 1993). On the other hand, capabilities is defined as the ease of an organization to coordinate different tasks while using the available resources to attain a set objective (Helfat et al, 2003).John Lewis developed a more sophisticated e-commerce website that has advanced functionalities and services than those of its competitors. The company management ensures the online store is frequently updated with product information as it may appeal to potential customers. Additionally, John Lewis embarked on a serious online campaign and social network marketing. For instance in Dec 2009 basically the Christmas period, the company introduced more sectional and emotional ads that generated huge leads to back to the online store as well as physical store visits. Its ad campaign named Never Knowingly Undersold has made the company to outperform in the UK retail norm for increasing public brand appeal.Figure 1: John Lewis Performance trend. Adapted from John Lewis Partnership Annual Reports and Accounts 2013As a result of the changes, John Lewis has significantly continued to grow since 2009 to date. Even though the market has been posting a number of challenges, the company has recorded a growth of up to £3.78bn (see figure 1). Its grow sale per every square foot is recorded to have increased by averagely 4.1% while the total sale for like for like recorded an increase by 10.5%. It is also notable that the operating profit of the company increased by a margin of 37.2% in the year 2013. Additionally, electrical and home technology (EHT) market share has also grown by 28.9%. The performance of John Lewis in the UK market has been characterised by positive change (figure 1). In fact, the company was voted Britains favorite and best electrical retail in April 2012. Reference ListJohn Lewis Partnership (2014) John Lewis Partnership – Reports. (online) Available at: http://www.johnlewispartnership.co.uk/resources/downloads/reports.html (Accessed: 27 Mar 2014).
Rbv2 Analysis of John Lewis
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