WhatsApp +1 (332) 244-5747

Propaganda as effective arms in information war

Get your custom paper done at low prices

Y

275 words/page

Y

Double spacing

Y

Free formatting (APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard and others)

Y

12 point Arial/Times New Roman font

Y

Free title page

Y

Free bibliography & reference

Write a 7 pages paper on propaganda as effective arms in information war. Jowett and O’Donnell (2006) defined propaganda as “a form of communication that attempts to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of a propagandist” (p. 1). The full Jowett and O’Donnell’s definition of propaganda is that it is “the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist”. In propaganda, elements of informative and persuasive communication are combined and this characteristic distinguishes propaganda as a specific class of communication (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 1). In the most neutral sense, propaganda means to disseminate or promote ideas (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). In Latin, it only means “to propagate” or “to sow” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). However, the propaganda of the Roman Catholic Church in opposing the spread of Protestantism resulted to the loss of neutrality in the word “propaganda” and the word has acquired a pejorative meaning (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). The other terms which are considered “synonyms for propaganda are lies, distortion, deceit, manipulation, mind control, psychological warfare, brainwashing, and palaver” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2-3). In addition, in the early 21st century and even earlier, the terms that imply propaganda included “spin” and “news management” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). “Spin” is associated with the manipulation of political information while “news management” covers even non-political matters (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). Propaganda is often used as the catch-all term for all suspicious rhetoric (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). It is also the description for organized persuasion by large organizations employing poor, non-existent, or flawed logic (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). According to Standler (2005), the tools employed by propaganda includes name-calling, glittering generalities, transfers, testimonial, plain folks, card stacking, band-wagon, an insistence of only a binary choice, and pejorative labels. These tools, however, works on the mind.

TESTIMONIALS

What Students Are Saying

Outstanding service, thank you very much.

Undergraduate Student

English, Literature

Awesome. Will definitely use the service again.

Master's Student

Computer Science