Create a 6 page essay paper that discusses Commerricial Aviation Safety / Runway Incursions.The FAA defines runway incursions as any occurrence at an airport that involves and aircraft, vehicle, person or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or results in the loss of separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to take off, landing or intending to land. (FAA, 2010) On the other hand the JAA has defined a runway incursion as the unintended presences of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the runway or runway strip. (Bellonte, 2004) The commonly accepted definition of a runway incursion is proposed by the International civil aviation organization (ICAO) under (PAN-ATM) as any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. (ICAO, 2007)The Federal Aviation Administration has categorized runway incursions into four: the first is category A and these are serious incidences in which collision with an aircraft were narrowly avoided. category B which is an incidence in which there is decreased separation and thus causes a significant potential for collision, which my result in a time critical corrective response to avert the collision. category C refers to incidents that are characterized extended time or distance to avoid a collision. and category D which refers to an incident in which there is a foreign object on the protected area of a surface designated for takeoff or landing, such as a single vehicle/person/aircraft but does not pose immediate safety concerns. All the mentioned categories pose high risks that may lead to an accident if corrective measures are not taken as fast as possible to avoid the situation (FAA, 2011).It can be seen from the above mentioned categories that the severity of the situation increases from category D to category A. The last
Commerricial Aviation Safety
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